Computer security, also known as cyber security or IT security, is the protection of information systems from theft or damage to the hardware, the software, and to the information on them, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
It includes controlling physical access to the hardware, as well as protecting against harm that may come via network access, data and code injection, and due to malpractice by operators, whether intentional, accidental, or due to them being tricked into deviating from secure procedures.
The field is of growing importance due to the increasing reliance on computer systems and the Internet in most societies, wireless networks such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi – and the growth of “smart” devices, including smartphones, televisions and tiny devices as part of the Internet of Things.
As pointed out by Stephen Wares, EMEA Leader of Marsh’s Cyber Risk Practice, cybersecurity became an urgent problem for the transport sector as well. Transport networks, indeed, have become increasingly digital, with a wide range of data flowing across systems, tracking and monitoring both digital and physical networks. As more devices and control systems are connected online, more vulnerabilities will appear, increasing the potential for disruption to physical assets.
In such a complex context, characterized by high vulnerability of the Transport Industry, who’s supposed to be the main actor able to fight against cybercrime?
Would it be either a Governments’ or an organizations’ responsibility or a combination of both the best solution?