14th and 15th April 1912, are the two days of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, which represent the most serious accident in the Shipping sector of the twentieth Century.
The majors Codes and Conventions
In 1914, in response to this accident the SOLAS Convention (International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea) was established, the first maritime treaty which requires Signatory flag states, to ensure that ships flagged by them comply with minimum safety standards as for construction, equipment and operation. The Convection during the years has been fixed, and in 2016 has reached 162 contracting States, about 99% of merchant ships around the world in terms of gross tonnage.
Over the years, the SOLAS has been fixed and integrated with other conventions, like ISPS Code (International Ship and Port Facility Security), a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities, developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States.
ISM Code (International Safety Management).
The purpose of this Code is to provide an international standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for pollution prevention. Inside the Code the importance of establishing a Safety Management System (SMS) is explained, an organized system planned and implemented by the shipping companies to ensure safety of the ships and marine environment.
In the previous part has been explained the role of major International Code and Rules to improve the Safety and the Security within the sailing. It is important to understand that in particular the concept of Security change for Geographical Areas. An example of this sentence is The Cost of Somalia.
How our Sea and Ocean are Safe? The Pirate Case
The upper maps illustrate how the Pirates operation have increased their borders from 2005 to 2010. In 2015, the statistics thanks a strong policy initiatives have seen a slashed of level of pirate’s attack with reduction of -29% in the Guinea Gulf. In 2017 Instead The Aris 13, an Oil Tanker crewed by eight Sri Lankans, was boarded by two dozen armed men as it sailed near Somalia’s lawless northern coast.
The attack was the first successful hijacking since 2012, and will raise fears that a scaling-down of anti-piracy patrols has emboldened the buccaneers into action again.
Anti-piracy patrols run by Western navies have been drastically reduced in the past year so that ships can be re-assigned to cope with the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean and threats from Russia in the Baltic, is that a sign of return of several Pirates Activities in the Guinea Gulf?
The Strait of Malacca is known as one of the world’s piracy hotspots. Between 2001 and 2007, the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) has recorded 258 pirate attacks in the Malacca Strait and surrounding waters, including more than 200 sailors held hostage and 8 killed.
More than $1 million in ransom was paid in 2005 by owners of ships transiting the passageway, statistics show. According to the International Maritime Bureau, of 325 pirate attacks that took place in 2014, 37 were in the Malacca Strait. Indonesia was a victim of the largest number of pirate attacks, with 93 occurring in its territorial waters. Because ships travel at low speeds they are easy targets for pirates.
About the Mediterranean area the biggest problem nowadays is considerated the Humanity Emergency of Refugee from the Maghreb Area.