The publication “Statistical Pocketbook 2016”, edited by the European Commission, provides an in-depth overview of internationally available transport-related statistics, covering the EU and its 28 Member States and, as far as possible, the current EU candidate countries and the EFTA countries.
This document is based on a wide range of sources such as Eurostat, the main data provider, international organizations, national statistics and, where no data were available, on EC own estimates.
The Transport section covers both passenger and freight transport as well as other transport-related data while the energy and environmental part shows data on energy consumption and on the impact that the transport sector has on the environment. Most of the tables have data up to 2014; where available, more recent data have been provided.
What are the key figures shown in the report?
Gross Value Added
With around €633 billion in Gross Value Added (GVA) at current prices, the transport and storage services sector (including postal and courier activities) accounted for about 5.1% of total GVA in the EU-28 in 2014.
The transport and storage services sector (including postal and courier activities) in the EU-28 employed around 11 million persons. As highlighted, around 53% of them worked in land transport (road, rail and pipelines), 3% in water transport (sea and inland waterways), 4% in air transport and 25% in warehousing and supporting and transport activities (such as cargo handling, storage and warehousing) and the remaining 16% in postal and courier activities.
It is estimated that private households in the EU-28 spent €1001 billion or roughly 13% of their total consumption on transport-related items. Close to 26% of this sum (around €265 billion) was used to purchase vehicles, more than half (€522 billion) was spent on the operation of personal transport equipment (e.g. to buy fuel for the car) and the rest (€213 billion) was spent for transport services (e.g. bus, train, plane tickets).
Total goods transport activities in the EU-28 are estimated to amount to 3524 billion tkm. This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world. Road transport accounted for 49% of this total, rail for 11.7%, inland waterways for 4.3% and oil pipelines for 3.2%. Intra-EU maritime transport was the second most important mode with a share of 31.8% while intra-EU air transport only accounted for 0.1% of the total.
Total passenger transport activities in the EU-28 by any motorized means of transport are estimated to amount to 6591 billion pkm or on average around 12985 km per person. This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world. Passenger cars accounted for 72.3% of this total, powered two wheelers for 1.9%, buses & coaches for 8%, railways for 6.5% and tram and metro for 1.5%. Intra-EU air and intra-EU maritime transport contributed for 9.2% and 0.6% respectively.
Watch here some figures from the report